Button Mushroom Cultivation Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Cultivation Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue, Plant Economics, Working Capital Requirement, Plant Layout, Cost of Project, Projected Balance Sheets, Profitability Ratios, Break Even Analysis

Button Mushroom Cultivation

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Button Mushroom is the most popular mushroom variety grown and consumed the world over. In India, its production earlier was limited to the winter season, but with technology development, these are produced almost throughout the year in small, medium and large farms, adopting different levels of technology. In the last ten years, large numbers of commercials units have been built by the entrepreneurs/ farmers throughout the country for the production of button mushrooms.

However, commercial production of white button mushroom was initiated in the hilly regions of the country (17- 18°C) like Chail (Himachal Pradesh) Kashmir and Ooty (Tamil Nadu).The white button mushroom (Agaricusbisporus) is grown on compost based on various agricultural wastes and animal manure.

White button mushrooms are grown all over the world and account for 35-45 % of the total mushroom production. In India, large units with production capacities between 2000 – 3000 tonnes/annum, have been set up mainly as export oriented units in the southern, western and northern regions. A large number of small units without climatic control equipment exist throughout India and function during the autumn and winter months only. As a whole it is a good project for new entrepreneurs to invest.

Few Indian Major Players are as under

  • A S R Agro Ltd.
  • Agro Dutch Inds. Ltd.
  • Classic Mushrooms Ltd.
  • Flex Foods Ltd.
  • Himalya International Ltd.
  • Indo Britain Agro Farms Ltd.
  • Saptarishi Agro Inds. Ltd.
  • Tarai Foods Ltd.

Market Outlook

The daily demand for mushroom is around 75 to 100 tonnes in Tamil Nadu alone.

The global market for mushrooms was valued at $29,427.92 million in 2013. This market is projected to grow at a CAGR of 9.5% from 2014 to reach $50,034.12 million by 2019.

Button mushrooms were the first mushrooms to be commercially exploited on an industrial scale and hence are more popular than other types. The button mushrooms segment contributed around 36.1% to the total Mushroom Market in 2013.

The Mushroom market had a value of $35 billion in 2015. Between 2016 and 2021, the market is expected to grow by 9.2 percent. This would bring its size to nearly $60 billion in 2021.

Global mushroom market value is expected to exceed USD 50 billion in the next seven years due to growing mushroom demand in from the recent past. Mushrooms are considered good for health as they contain negligible sodium and gluten content. Low fat and cholesterol content is presumed to result in higher mushroom acceptance among consumers.

Global mushroom market was valued at over USD 35.08 billion in 2015, is expected to reach above USD 59.48 billion in 2021 and is anticipated to grow at a CAGR of slightly above 9.2% between 2016 and 2021.

The global button mushroom market was valued at USD 12.62 billion in 2016 is expected to reach USD 19.23 billion in 2022 and is anticipated to grow at a CAGR of 7.3% between 2017 and 2022.

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How to Start Mushroom Cultivation, Growing, Processing and Packaging – Food and Agriculture

How to Start Mushroom Cultivation, Growing, Processing and Packaging – Food and Agriculture (Poisonous Mushrooms, Edible Mushrooms, Button Mushroom, Oyster Mushroom, Straw Mushroom)

Mushroom Cultivation and Processing

Mushroom is a nutritious vegetarian delicacy and has many varieties. Most of them areedible. It contains many vitamins and minerals but very low on sugar and fat. It is easily digestible. It is very popular in most of the developed countries and is being accepted in many developing countries. Market for mushroom is growing rapidly because of its rich nutritional value and special taste aroma, flavor etc. Many exotic preparations are made from them like soup, pickles, it can be cooked in traditional way as standard vegetable. It is also used as stuffing for various food preparations and for garnishing. Its consumption is basically confined to the urban region. It has a very short life after being harvested and are sold in fresh form. Their shelf life is enhanced by processing and properly packing in good quality polythene or proper canning. This can then be stored and transported for selling in far of markets. The global mushroom market is primarily driven by the increasing demand for the organic products. Mushrooms are highly popular in Asian countries such as China, India, and Japan.

Mushroom cultivation can directly improve livelihoods through economic, nutritional and medicinal contributions. However, it is essential to note that some mushrooms are poisonous and may even be lethal, thus the need for extra caution in identifying those species that can be consumed as food. Mushrooms are a good source of vitamin B, C and D, including niacin, riboflavin, thiamine, and folate, and various minerals including potassium, phosphorus, calcium, magnesium, iron and copper.

Mushrooms are the health food of the world. These are that fast growing basidiomycetous fungi which produce fleshy fruit bodies. They are rich in proteins, vitamins and minerals, so they are consumed as energy rich food. Mushroom has been attracting attention of mankind since ancient times and use of mushroom, as food is as old as human civilization. Mushrooms are superior to many vegetables and beans in their nutritive value. It is very rich in protein, vitamins and minerals. Fresh mushrooms contain about 85% water and 3.2% protein. But dried mushrooms water content is low and protein level is high as 34 to 44% and the fat content is less than 0.3%. There are about 100 species of edible mushrooms all over the world. But only three of them are cultivated in India which are Agaricusbisporus, Volvariellavolvacea and pleurotussajorcaju. Unfortunately, it is realized that mushrooms did not receive universal acceptance over the years since a number of naturally growing mushrooms are poisonous. Now the situation has been changed because the cultivated edible mushrooms are totally safe for human consumption. Mushroom cultivation fits in very well with sustainable farming and has several advantages: it uses agricultural waste products, a high production per surface area can be obtained, after picking; the spent substrate is still a good soil conditioner. They have less carbohydrate so they are believed to be suitable for diabetic patients. Fresh mushrooms have very limited life and hence they need to be consumed within few hours. But processing and canning increases their shelf life to few months. Osmotic dehydration is one of the important methods of processing mushroom which involves drying technology of mushroom.

Some of the fundamentals of the book are nutritive value of edible mushrooms, medicinal value of mushrooms, advantages of mushrooms, symptoms of mushroom poisoning, morphology of common edible mushrooms, classification of fungi a brief survey, chemical composition, anti nutritional factors and shelf life of oyster mushroom , osmotic dehydration characteristics of button mushrooms, mushroom cultivation, cultivation of white button mushroom (agaricusbisporus), actors determining the amount of spawn needed, fungidues for mushroom diseases insectides for mushroom pets etc.

The present book contains cultivation, processing, dehydration, preservation and canning of various species of mushrooms. It is resourceful book for agriculturists, researchers, agriculture universities, consultants etc.

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