The Button mushroom (Agaricus bisporus) is a gilled fungus which naturally occurs in Europe and North America, though now occurs much more widely.
Also called the table mushroom, white mushroom, common mushroom, cultivated mushroom, and called champignon de Paris in France, it is one of the most widely cultivated mushrooms in the world.
The button mushroom, better known as a white mushroom or sometimes Agaricus bisporus is the most widely cultivated, harvested, and distributed mushroom in the world. The mildly flavored, hardy fungus can be found fresh, dried, and canned in grocery stores all over the world.
The button mushroom has a classic mushroom like appearance, with a short thick stalk and a white cap. The mushroom is gilled beneath the smooth cap, and a small ring of flesh surrounds the stem where it meets the cap. When young, this ring of flesh forms a veil over the gills of the mushroom. This mushroom can be found growing almost anywhere, including lawns, compost piles, leaf mold, wood chips, dead trees, and well fertilized soil. They are easy to identify and to pick, making them a popular choice for mushroom hunters.
Button Mushroom is the most popular mushroom variety grown and consumed the world over. In India, its production earlier was limited to the winter season, but with technology development, these are produced almost throughout the year in small, medium and large farms, adopting different levels of technology. In the last ten years, large numbers of commercials units have been built by the entrepreneurs/ farmers throughout the country for the production of button mushrooms.
However, commercial production of white button mushroom was initiated in the hilly regions of the country (17- 18°C) like Chail (Himachal Pradesh) Kashmir and Ooty (Tamil Nadu).The white button mushroom (Agaricusbisporus) is grown on compost based on various agricultural wastes and animal manure.
White button mushrooms are grown all over the world and account for 35-45 % of the total mushroom production. In India, large units with production capacities between 2000 – 3000 tonnes/annum, have been set up mainly as export oriented units in the southern, western and northern regions. A large number of small units without climatic control equipment exist throughout India and function during the autumn and winter months only. As a whole it is a good project for new entrepreneurs to invest.
Few Indian Major Players are as under
- A S R Agro Ltd.
- Agro Dutch Inds. Ltd.
- Classic Mushrooms Ltd.
- Flex Foods Ltd.
- Indo Britain Agro Farms Ltd.
- Saptarishi Agro Inds. Ltd.
- Tarai Foods Ltd.
The daily demand for mushroom is around 75 to 100 tonnes in Tamil Nadu alone.
The global market for mushrooms was valued at $29,427.92 million in 2013. This market is projected to grow at a CAGR of 9.5% from 2014 to reach $50,034.12 million by 2019.
Button mushrooms were the first mushrooms to be commercially exploited on an industrial scale and hence are more popular than other types. The button mushrooms segment contributed around 36.1% to the total Mushroom Market in 2013.
The Mushroom market had a value of $35 billion in 2015. Between 2016 and 2021, the market is expected to grow by 9.2 percent. This would bring its size to nearly $60 billion in 2021.
Global mushroom market value is expected to exceed USD 50 billion in the next seven years due to growing mushroom demand in from the recent past. Mushrooms are considered good for health as they contain negligible sodium and gluten content. Low fat and cholesterol content is presumed to result in higher mushroom acceptance among consumers.
Global mushroom market was valued at over USD 35.08 billion in 2015, is expected to reach above USD 59.48 billion in 2021 and is anticipated to grow at a CAGR of slightly above 9.2% between 2016 and 2021.
The global button mushroom market was valued at USD 12.62 billion in 2016 is expected to reach USD 19.23 billion in 2022 and is anticipated to grow at a CAGR of 7.3% between 2017 and 2022.
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