Mustard oil is a fatty vegetable oil extracted from the mustard seeds. It is dark yellow in color and slightly pungent. There are generally three types of mustard oils depending upon the manner of extraction. The first is a fatty vegetable oil obtained by pressing the mustard seeds. The second one is a essential oil that is made by grinding the seeds, mixing them with water and extracting the oil through distillation. The third process involves infusing mustard seed extract with other vegetable oils such as soy bean oil. All three categories of oil have a pungent nutty taste and a strong aroma.
Mustard oil is extracted from mustard seeds and is commonly used in India. It is an ancient oil that is said to be loaded with many health benefits. Mustard oil is full of MUFA which is very important for our health. Mustard oil is made from pressing the seeds of a mustard plant to produce a spicy oil. Mustard oil is popular in Eastern cooking, although some American chefs have begun experimenting with the oil, which has a heat and distinctive flavor to it. Real mustard oil, however, is actually banned for cooking uses by the FDA. This is because it contains an ingredient called erucic acid that has been shown to cause heart problems. Erucic acid is a fatty acid that it is not well metabolized. It’s considered a contaminant.
In Eastern and North Eastern India, it is hard to imagine life without a bottle of mustard oil at home. It is believed to have miraculous properties, and therefore is used as a remedy to treat cold, boost immunity, encourage hair growth, provide nourishment to skin (especially in case of babies who are massaged with mustard oil during winters and made to sunbathe for a dose of Vitamin D and also to strengthen the bones), oral health, so on and so forth. Mustard oil (sarson ka tel) is extracted from mustard seeds (black, brown and white), and is reddish brown or amber in colour. It has been commonly used in North and East India since ancient times, and comes with a bevy of health benefits.
During the last few years, the domestic consumption of edible oils has increased substantially and has touched the level 17.5 million metric tonne (mmt) in 2012-13 from 11.6 mmt in 2003-04 and is likely to increase further. The Recommended Daily Allowance (RDA) for oils & fats, according to WHO, is 30 g/day or 11 kg/ annum. Ministry of Agriculture, under National Mission on Oilseeds and Oil Palm (NMOOP), estimates that with per capita consumption of vegetable oils at the rate of 16 kg/year/person for a projected population of 1,276 million, the total vegetable oils demand is likely to touch 20.4 million tonne by 2017.
Mustard oil market is further segmented on the basis of regions, as North America, Latin America, Eastern Europe, Western Europe, Asia-Pacific excluding Japan, Japan, and Middle East & Africa. On the basis of regions, mustard oil has market demand is higher in Asia-Pacific regions which includes India, Thailand, and china due to its huge consumption in food. North America market is expected to expand relatively higher CAGR due to its preference as essential oil in various industrial application.
India is among major oilseed growers and edible oil importers and its vegetable oil economy is world’s fourth largest after USA, China and Brazil. The oilseed accounts for 13% of the gross cropped area, 3% of the Gross National Product and 10% value of all agricultural commodities. Considerable regional variance exists in the consumption of various edible oils in the country in accordance with the diverse food habits and tastes and preferences of consumers, and also between rural and urban areas. Among the other edible oils, households in Punjab, Himachal, J&K, Rajasthan, Assam, Bihar, Jharkhand and Uttar Pradesh consume substantial quantities of mustard oil.
- European Union (EU) is expected to be the top producer followed by China and Canada in 2016-17. India may be the fourth largest producer.
- India’s share in global production of mustard oil in 2016-17 may be around 8.5 percent.
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