A formula is an entity constructed using the symbols and formation rules of a given logical language. In science, a specific formula is a concise way of expressing information symbolically as in a mathematical or chemical formula. Paint is any liquid, liquefiable, or mastic composition that, after application to a substrate in a thin layer, converts to a solid film. It is most commonly used to protect, color, or provide texture to object.Enamel paint is paint that air dries to a hard, usually glossy, finish, used for coating surfaces that are outdoors or otherwise subject to hard ware Ink is a liquid or paste that contains pigments or dyes and is used to color a surface to produce an image, text, or design. Ink is used for drawing or writing with a pen, brush, or quill. Thicker inks, in paste form, are used extensively in letterpress and lithographic printing. or variations in temperature; it should not be confused with decorated objects in “painted enamel”, where vitreous enamel is applied with brushes and fired in a kiln.Varnish is a transparent, hard, protective finish or film that is primarily used in wood finishing but also for other materials. Varnish is traditionally a combination of a drying oil, a resin, and a thinner or solvent. Varnish finishes are usually glossy but may be designed to produce satin or semi-gloss sheens by the addition of “flatting” agents.The term lacquer is used for a number of hard and potentially shiny finishes applied to materials such as wood. These fall into a number of very different groups.
This book present several hundred advanced product formulations for household, industrial and other applications. This book will be of help to development chemists looking for leads in the formulation of a wide range of products.
The global market value of the ink solvent market was estimated to be more than $790 million in 2013 and is projected to reach $1,062.46 million by 2019, growing at a CAGR of more than 5% between 2014 and 2019. The high demand for the printing inks across the packaging end user industry will increase the overall ink solvents consumption.
The Rs. 40,600-crore Indian paint industry is likely to see a 20 per cent compounded annual growth rate until 2016.
Global demand for paints and varnishes is forecast to expand 1.8% p.a. between 2015 and 2019. Currently, vinyl and acrylic polymer based paints and varnishes (aqueous) account for 11.8% of the global demand while the remaining market share is divided between other polymer based paints and varnishes (aqueous) (13.1%), polyester based paints and varnishes (non-aqueous) (14.2%), vinyl and acrylic polymer based paints and varnishes (non-aqueous) (19.6%), other polymer based paints and varnishes (non-aqueous) (36.6%) and other paints and varnishes (4.6%).
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