Printing plays a significant role in the India. Printing, means of producing reproductions of written material or images in multiple copies.The printing industry includes establishments primarily engaged in printing text and images on to paper, metal, glass, and some apparel and other materials. Printing can be divided into three distinct stages: prepress, the preparation of materials for printing; press or output, the actual printing process; and post press or finishing, the folding, binding, and trimming of printed sheets into their final form. Printing and Print – Packaging industry in India is growing; people are taking keen interest in this key industry now.
The printing industry, like many other industries, continues to undergo technological changes, as computers and technology alter the manner in which work is performed. Many of the processes that were once done by hand are becoming more automated, and technology’s influence can be seen in all three stages of printing. The most notable changes have occurred in the prepress stage. Instead of cutting and pasting articles by hand, workers now produce entire publications on a computer, complete with artwork and graphics. The printing industry is also taking on new tasks that provide further value for customers. This means customers can now have their finished products labeled, packaged, and shipped directly by printing companies.
Flexography uses printing plates made of rubber or plastic. It is a high-speed process that uses fast-drying inks and can be used on a variety of materials, including labels, shopping bags, milk cartons, and corrugated boxes.
Printing technology is continuing to develop for offset processes, but the major developments are taking place in digital printing – and particularly inkjet, which is enjoying major investments in R&D on print heads, inks, and finishing systems. There are also significant developments in enabling workflow technology – for all processes and substrates, with much emphasis on paper to improve the quality of water-based inkjet printing.
The print industry, in fact, is not only environmentally friendly but is one of the most sustainable industries around. The industry makes tremendous investments in applying renewable energy sources and creating environmentally friendly supplies.
On-demand printing services allow organizations to order print resources in a piecemeal fashion. On one hand, this means that less paper is wasted. On the other hand, on-demand printing is a great solution for companies and associations that must frequently update and send content to satellite locations and remote offices or stores. Furthermore, on-demand printing services enable firms to order exactly what they need and deliver it overnight without shipping materials themselves. Demand is driven by advertising and product needs of business customers. The profitability of individual companies is closely linked to effective sales operations. Large companies have scale advantages in buying materials like paper and ink, serving large customers with regional or national needs, and making efficient use of expensive presses.
The publishing printing market size is supposed to grow from INR 20,859 crore in 2012 to 27,607 crore in 2017 with population increase, rising literacy rates and a growing economy. The Indian Printing Industry, growing at a rate of 12% per annum, comprises more than 250,000 big, small and medium printers. The current annual turnover of the industry is more than INR 50,000 crores (USD 11 Billion)
This book majorly deals with typographic technology, photo scanning systems, sequence of steps in the printing processes, size and scope of the printing industry, high volume printing technologies for the production of polymer electronic structures, inking system, film high contrast printing, principle of planographic printing, modern printing process, ink jet etc.
The book contains the latest printing processes like web, gravure, flexo, security and offset printing. This book is an invaluable resource for new entrants, technicians, craftsmen and executives working with printing industries.
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