LPG Cylinder Refilling Plant. LP Gas Industry

LPG Cylinder Refilling Plant

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LPG Cylinder Refilling Plant. LP Gas Industry. How to Start a Liquefied Petroleum Gas Filling Project

LPG – Liquefied Petroleum Gas – describes flammable hydrocarbon gases including propane, butane and mixtures of these gases.

LPG, liquefied through pressurization, comes from natural gas processing and oil refining. LPG is used as heating, cooking and auto fuel. The term is widely used to describe two prominent members of a family of light hydrocarbons called “Natural Gas Liquids” (NGLs): propane (C3H8) and butane (C4H10).

The term “liquefied gas” may seem a contradiction in terms since all things in nature are either a liquid or a solid or a gas. Yet, liquidity is the unique character of LPG that makes it such a popular and widely used fuel. At normal temperature and pressure, LPG is gaseous. It changes to a liquid when subjected to modest pressure or cooling. In liquid form the tank pressure is about twice the pressure in a normal truck tyre, which means it is very safe when properly handled. LPG is a derivative of two large energy industries: the processing of natural gas liquids and the refining of crude oil.

The major sources of commercial LPG are natural gas processing and petroleum refining. Raw natural gas often contains excess propane and butanes which must be removed to prevent their condensation in high-pressure pipelines. In petroleum refining, LPG is collected during distillation, from lighter compounds dissolved in the crude oil, as well as generated in the “cracking” of heavy hydrocarbons. Therefore, LPG can be considered a by-product and its exact composition and properties will vary greatly with the source.

LPG Cylinder Refilling or Bottling Plant

LPG bottling or refilling plant is a plant where LPG is filled into bottles (cylinders) for storage and distribution among various LPG distributors. The plant has the facility to receive bulk LPG by Tank trucks (of various capacities e.g. 12MT, 17MT etc.) or pipeline from a reliable source e.g. Refinery or any other LPG Bottling Plant.

Uses of LPG:

LPG can be used in many applications in the industrial sector namely in space- and process-heating, powering industrial ovens, production of food, kilns, furnaces, production of packing material as well as in powering forklift trucks in warehouses.

  • The top most use of LPG is to use as the main fuel for vehicles. It burns better than diesel or petrol and hence, the top most use for LPG is to use it as ignition fuel. It is also more energy efficient and is said to leave lesser damaging impact on the atmosphere and the environment.
  • LPG is also popularly used as a refrigerant. Since butane and propane are both considered to be energy efficient, LPG serves as a great hydrocarbon.
  • LPG is also used as a chemical feedstock.
  • Apart from being used as a motor fuel, it is also a great fuel used for other purposes.
  • LPG is also used for agricultural purposes in drying processes.
  • As a great industrial fuel, LPG is also used in solution heating processes.
  • The other main use of LPG is as domestic fuel or what we know as cooking fuel. LPG gas is a combination of propane and butane. Even these individual components have many domestic uses. Like propane is used in portable stoves as well as barbeques and butane is used in deodorants and even gas lighters used to light gas ovens in the kitchens and even cigarettes.
  • LPG is also used in centralized heating solutions both for domestic as well as industrial premises.
  • The paper industry as well as the food processing industry is also one of the top most industries which rely heavily on LPG. It has also a major role in the plastic industry and is even used in making explosives.
  • LPG is also used to produce electrical energy by running turbines.

Advantages:

  • Compared to petrol, running the vehicle engine on LPG results in around a 10% increase in consumption.
  • A very important advantage of LP Gas as a fuel is the cost of itself.
  • It has a higher heating value, allowing you to heat your home at a lower price.
  • LPG is easy to transport
  • Due to higher octane rating, the combustion of LPG is smoother and knocking is eliminated and the engine runs smoothly.
  • When LPG leaks past the rings into the crankcase, it does not wash oil from cylinder walls and does not generate black carbon. Hence, the lubricating layer is not washed away. Thereby, the engine life is increased by 50%.
  • Due to the absence of carbon deposits on the electrodes of the spark plugs, the life of the spark plugs is increased.
  • Using LPG is very easy as it can be utilized without the need for significant infrastructural changes and technological requirements.
  • LPG offers energy solutions that are extremely economical.
  • LPG cannot be tampered with and hence its purity is maintained.
  • LPG generates the minimum greenhouse gas discharge out of all the existing fossil fuels. It comprises really less quantity of Nitrogen, Sulphur, and other particulate substances that are detrimental to the atmosphere. Research states that cooking with LPG actually helps in bringing down the greenhouse emission by up to 70 percent.

 

Market Outlook

The global liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) market is highly competitive, featuring a large number of equally balanced competitors. The top five companies accounted for 17.2% of the global market in 2013.

Owing to their higher energy content and ability to burn easily as compared to other fuels, LPG, also known as autogas, is used as fuel in automobiles. The numerous environmental benefits of using autogas is another factor driving its demand. This is because autogas is considered to be greener as compared to other fuels such as gasoline and diesel. Autogas also enjoys legislative policy support and is cost-effective, thus driving its adoption.

LPG is widely used as cooking fuel in residential sectors. The ease in transportation through pipelines, tankers, and cylinders results in the low cost distribution of LPG cylinders. Moreover, the low CO2 emission from LPG makes it one of the best fuels in the cooking sector. LPG is extensively used in the rural sector. The Indonesian government launched a conversion program and distributed LPG cylinders and gas stoves to the rural population. Similarly, the Indian government has also come up with initiatives, supporting the low cost distribution of LPG cylinders to rural sectors. All these factors contribute to the heightened demand for LPG.

By end use, the residential and commercial segment led in 2013, accounting for a 63.25% of the global LPG market. The segment is expected to continue its lead in the market in the coming years. By geography, the Middle East and Africa is expected to lead in the global LPG market, followed by Asia Pacific. By source, the non-associated gas segment is expected to witness the highest growth rate in the coming years.

Global Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG) market is expected to experience significant growth. The growing demand for LPG in residential and commercial sectors in developing nations has increased the demand for liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) market. Several initiatives taken by the government in the developing nations like Indonesia, China, and India to substitute traditional cooking fuels such as coal, wood, and kerosene with liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) will fuel market growth in the upcoming years. Governments across the world are promoting LPG as auto emission gas because it emits lesser quantities of carbon-dioxide gas into the air causing less pollution. In addition, rapid urbanization and growing demands of consumers in developing nations are promoting the demand for real estate, infrastructure, cars, electronic devices, and other goods followed by consumption of energy resources. The demand for LPG will continue to rise followed by its consumption particularly in the developing countries where the transportation industry is undergoing rapid growth and development.

Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG) Market Revenue by Source, 2014 – 2024, (USD Million)

liquefied-petroleum-gas-industry

Liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) is a flammable mixture of various hydrocarbons, and majorly consists of propane and butane. LPG gas is colorless and odorless; and emits less quantity of CO2 when compared to petrol or diesel. Thus, LPG is extensively used as a cooking fuel, both in commercial and residential setups throughout the country. Application of LPG in the industrial sector is also increasing, owing to growing use of LPG as a feedstock in petrochemical plants in the country. Moreover, rising demand from transport segment and increasing consumption of LPG to produce various chemical components such as propylene, ethylene, butadiene, etc., is further anticipated to boost demand for LPG in the country in the coming years. Furthermore, increasing prices of naphtha, rising LPG imports and expanding distribution network are anticipated to fuel consumption of LPG in India during FY17-FY26.

LPG consumption in India is forecast to surpass 35 MMT by FY26. North region dominated India LPG market over the past few years, and is further forecast to continue dominating the market through FY26. North region comprises several LPG bottling plants, oil refineries and petrochemical plants.

LPG

Demand : Past and Future
Year (In Million Metric Tonne)
1990-91 2.42
2000-01 7.02
2001-02 7.73
2002-03 8.35
2003-04 9.30
2004-05 10.20
2005-06 10.70
2006-07 10.95
2007-08 11.50
2008-09 12.10
2009-10 13.05
2010-11 14.22
2011-12 15.34
2012-13 16.12
2011-14 16.64
2014-15 18.21
2015-16 19.47
2016-17 20.81
2017-18 22.25
2018-19 23.78
2019-20 25.42
2024-25 38.04

A rapid increase in urban population combined with increasing LPG penetration in rural areas has resulted in a 10% growth in LPG consumption, making India the second largest LPG consumer in the World at 19 million tonne per year. Based on Government’s continued efforts to promote clean fuel and increased adoption by consumers, LPG consumption is expected to see a sustained double-digit growth in the years to come.

Few Indian major players are as under:

  • Adani Dhamra L P G Terminal Pvt. Ltd.
  • Aegis Gas (LPG) Pvt. Ltd.
  • Aegis Logistics Ltd.
  • Alert Petrogas Ltd.
  • Asia LPG Pvt. Ltd.
  • Balaji Pressure Vessels Pvt. Ltd.

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Gypsum Mining Business

Gypsum Mining Business

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Gypsum Mining Business. Investment and Business Opportunity in Mineral & Mining Sector

Gypsum is an evaporite mineral most commonly found in layered sedimentary deposits in association with halite, anhydrite, sulfur, calcite, and dolomite. Gypsum (CaSO4.2H2O) is very similar to Anhydrite (CaSO4). The chemical difference is that gypsum contains two waters and anhydrite is without water. Gypsum is the most common sulfate mineral.

Gypsum is a mineral found in crystal as well as masses called gypsum rock.  It is a very soft mineral and it can form very pretty, and sometimes extremely large colored crystals.  Massive gypsum rock forms within layers of sedimentary rock, typically found in thick beds or layers.  It forms in lagoons where ocean waters high in calcium and sulfate content can slowly evaporate and be regularly replenished with new sources of water.  The result is the accumulation of large beds of sedimentary gypsum. Gypsum is commonly associated with rock salt and sulfur deposits. It is processed and used as prefabricated wallboard or as industrial or building plaster, used in cement manufacture, agriculture and other uses.

Uses of Gypsum

Gypsum uses include: manufacture of wallboard, cement, plaster of Paris, wall plasters, mortars, sheet rock, fertilizer, soil conditioning, and a hardening retarder in Portland cement. Varieties of gypsum known as “satin spar” and “alabaster” are used for a variety of ornamental purposes; however, their low hardness limits their durability.

Relation to Mining

Most of the world’s gypsum is produced by surface-mining operations. In the United States, gypsum is mined in about 19 states. The states producing the most gypsum are Oklahoma, Iowa, Nevada, Texas, and California. Together, these states account for about two-thirds of the United States’ annual production of gypsum. Over 30 million tons of gypsum is consumed in the United States annually. Canada, Mexico and Spain are other significant producers of raw gypsum. In all, more than 90 countries produce gypsum. In most open pit gypsum operations, benches are drilled and blasted using ammonium nitrate as the explosive. Because gypsum is so soft, most drills can drill through it at a rate of roughly 23 ft. per minute. Sometimes the drill holes become wet, which can cause problems with the ammonium nitrate. In these cases the ammonium nitrate is bagged in plastic bags before being lowered into the blast hole. Mines use approximately 1 kg of explosives for each ton of gypsum they blast.

 Market Outlook

On the back of rising demand from industries such as construction, ceramic, cement etc., the India gypsum market is poised to grow significantly in the coming years. Government is also backing the industry by allowing up to 100% foreign direct investment (FDI) for gypsum products. As a result, FDI inflows to gypsum products industry in India have registered significant growth in the last few years.

The country is thus anticipated to witness huge growth in gypsum consumption. And as per our prophecy, gypsum consumption in India would grow at a CAGR of around 4% during 2012-13 to 2017-18. The rapid infrastructure development in the country is expected to boost the Indian Gypsum industry.

The growing demand for Gypsum, due to amplified construction industry, massive cement consumption and extensive use of gypsum in fertilizer and ceramic has resulted in very high gypsum consumption. The Indian gypsum Market is expected to exhibit immense opportunity for domestic as well as foreign investors.

With the support of rising demand from industries such as construction, ceramic, and cement; the Indian gypsum market is poised to grow significantly in the coming years.

Gypsum Mine Production Globally

Gypsum-Mine-Production-Globally.jpg

The global gypsum market is valued at $1.49 billion in 2016, equivalent to 252 million tonnes, with 33.3% and 60.9% being consumed in the plasterboard and cement industries, respectively. The gypsum market is forecast to grow at a CAGR of 9.9% to reach nearly $2.4 billion by 2018 and $3.8 billion by 2026.

Nearly all gypsum is used in three prime applications: building construction, cement (where it is used as a setting retarder), and agriculture (mostly for soil conditioner and fertilizer). Another common application is wet or powdered plaster. Minor applications include dentistry and surgical/medical, e.g., plaster casts.

Population growth is dramatic in many developing countries, particularly India and China, and represents a major driver in gypsum consumption. Not only does large-scale industrialization create a need for rapid improvements in infrastructure, but increasingly prosperous population’s demand higher-quality housing and better living conditions.

The global gypsum industry is mainly driven by the construction and renovation sectors as natural gypsum is especially suitable for the manufacture of cement, building plasters, dry mixes, wallboards and other gypsum products. In some of these uses, gypsum has no effective substitutes, for instance, in Portland cement production. On an average basis, an increased use of wallboards and plasters has been a major driver for gypsum production worldwide.

The construction industry has significant spatial and temporal variability, with strong dependence on macroeconomic situation in each specific country and region. The macroeconomic variability in the construction industry affects the behavior of the gypsum market, which influences the dynamics of gypsum production volumes.

Gypsum: Mine Production Dynamics in 2009-2014, Tonnes/Year

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The total reserves/resources of mineral gypsum in India as on 1.4.2015 have been estimated at 1,330 million tonnes of which 37 million tonnes have been placed under ‘Reserves’ and 1,293 million tonnes under ‘Remaining Resources’ category.

Of the total reserves/resources, Fertilizer/ Pottery grade accounts for about 80% and Cement/Paint grade 13%. The Unclassified and Not-known grades together account for 5% resources. The remaining two percent of resources is shared by Surgical Plaster and Soil Reclamation grades. By States, Rajasthan alone accounts for 81% resources, Jammu & Kashmir 14% and Tamil Nadu 2% resources. The remaining 3% resources are in Gujarat, Himachal Pradesh, Karnataka, Uttarakhand, Andhra Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh

Gypsum deposits are usually found at shallow depths and are scattered over large areas. The deposits are mined out by opencast method and usually by manual mining except a few semi-mechanized mines in Rajasthan. In semi mechanized mines, gypsum is excavated by backhoe excavator and directly loaded into trucks/ dumpers. The trucks and dumpers loaded with gypsum are dispatched directly to the user industry or are taken to railway siding for further loading into railway wagons for dispatch to far living user industry. In some mines of Rajasthan, the excavated gypsum is ground before dispatching to the user or party. Based on the use of gypsum, the production is classified into different grades like Fertilizer grade, Cement grade, plaster of Paris grade, surgical grade, etc.

Exports of gypsum and plaster at 110,882 tonnes in 2015-16 increased by 69% from 65,645 tonnes in the preceding year. Exports of alabaster was not reported during 2015-16, although during 2014-15, it was 21 tonnes.

Other segments that would attract attention would be production of gypsum wallboard which is currently negligible in India. It could find better prospects because of its light weight and other special characteristics. It being an excellent partition material could facilitate its utility in high rise building constructions. India’s domestic resources of gypsum are large enough to meet increased demand.

Exports of Gypsum & Plaster (By Countries)

Exports of Gypsum & Plaster (By Countries).png

Source: Indian Minerals Yearbook 2016 (Part- III: Mineral Reviews)


Consumption* of Gypsum, 2013-14 to 2015-16 (By Industries & Category wise)

Consumption of Gypsum, 2013-14 to 2015-16.png

Source: Indian Minerals Yearbook 2016 (Part- III: Mineral Reviews)

 

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Readymade Khaini (Geeli) Manufacturing Industry

Readymade Khaini (Geeli) Manufacturing Industry

 Readymade Khaini (Geeli) Manufacturing Industry.jpg

Readymade Khaini (Geeli) Manufacturing Industry. Production of Chewing Tobacco. खैनी उद्योग

Smokeless tobacco is also called spit tobacco, chewing tobacco, chew, chaw, dip, plug, and probably a few other things. It comes in two forms: snuff and chewing tobacco.

Khaini is a form of chewing tobacco used in India, containing slaked lime.

The most commonly used tobacco product in India is khaini, a tobacco, lime mixture, that is used by every ninth adult (11.2%). The next most commonly used tobacco product is beedi, smoked by 7.7% of adult Indians. Gutkha, a tobacco, lime, areca nut mixture, ranks third (6.8%) and betel quid with tobacco ranks fourth (5.8%). The prevalence of tobacco use among men is 42.4%, while among women it is 14.2%

India, home to the world’s second highest number of tobacco users (around 275 million), last year had set a target of reducing tobacco use by 20% by 2020 and 30% by 2025.

There is a huge demand for products like khaini and gutkha in India, The tobacco demand and consumption is very high in India, which will continue to be the key driver of growth in the market. This will be followed by demand from countries outside of India.

A large portion of the Indian economy depends on agriculture, and tobacco is the principal cash crop across many states. Bidi (Traditional cigarettes), snuffs and smokeless tobacco, including gutka, khaini and zarda, are the most popular tobacco-based products. Bidi dominates the tobacco market in India, followed by chewing tobacco and cigarettes.

Indian tobacco is exported to around 100 countries. India exports unmanufactured tobacco primarily to Western Europe, South & South-east Asia, East Europe and Africa. Exports of manufactured tobacco recorded a 25% growth from US$ 222.3 million in 2013-14 to a record US$ 278.6 million in 2014-15, while unmanufactured tobacco recorded a dip of 13.82% from US$ 789.04 million in 2013-14 to a US$ 680.01 million in 2014-15 respectively.

The tobacco market is expected to grow at a CAGR of 6.3% over the period FY 2016 to FY 2020. A large portion of Indian economy is agricultural based where tobacco is the principal cash crop that is grown in many states. India is the 2nd largest producer and 3rd largest exporter of the tobacco in the world. Bidi dominates the tobacco market in India, followed by chewing tobacco and cigarettes. Indians consume bidis, snuffs and smokeless tobacco, including gutka, khaini and zarda.

The global smokeless tobacco industry is projected to grow at the significant growth rate in the near future owing to increasing consumption of chewing tobacco in developing economies. Key players are shifting their focus from cigarette to the smokeless tobacco products due to growing demand.

On the basis of type, it is segmented into chewing tobacco, dipping tobacco, dissolvable tobacco. Among all the types, chewing tobacco segment is dominating the market and the segment is expected to reach USD 9.96 billion by the end of 2023 with registering a CAGR of 4.30% during the forecast period. However, chewing tobacco segment is further categorized into loose leaf, plug, twist, chew bags and others. Dipping tobacco is further categorized into moist snuff, dry snuff and snus.

Growing demand of chewing tobacco, majorly among the low-income community of consumers is also influencing the market growth. Popularity of consumption of smokeless tobacco among the daily wage workers, is projected to be high due to the low cost and high production capacity of tobacco in the developing country.

In addition to the 45.7 million people who directly depend on tobacco Industry, there are millions who indirectly earn their livelihood from the Tobacco Industry such as people engaged in packaging, warehousing, flavour & fragrance, paper, jute, mentha, areca nut, transporters etc.

Smokeless Tobacco Market Share (%), By Geography

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Khaini Manufacturing Process, Tobacco and Pan Masala Formulations, Khaini Manufacturing Process, Cost of Khaini Manufacturing, How to Make Khaini, Khaini Ingredients, Tobacco Based Products, Manufacture of Pan Masala, Tobacco and Tobacco Products, Khaini, Production of Khaini, Khaini Tobacco, Smokeless Tobacco, Tobacco Manufacture, Khaini Production, Indian Tobacco Industry, Tobacco Industry in India, Tobacco Industry, Chewing Tobacco, Tobacco Cultivation, Khaini Tobacco Manufacture, Manufacture of Pan Masala, Khaini Manufacture, Khainee Manufacturing Unit, Manufacturing of Smokeless Tobacco, Starting Tobacco Product Manufacturing Company, Smokeless Chewing Tobacco, Smokeless Tobacco, Small Business Ideas in Manufacturing of Tobacco Industry, How to Start Pan Masala Business, Project Report on Khaini Manufacturing Industry, Detailed Project Report on Tobacco Product Manufacturing, Project Report on Khaini Production, Pre-Investment Feasibility Study on Chewing Tobacco Manufacturing, Khainee Production, Techno-Economic feasibility study on Khaini Production, Feasibility report on Smokeless Tobacco Production, Free Project Profile on Chewing Tobacco Manufacturing, Project profile on Khaini Production, Download free project profile on Tobacco Product Manufacturing, How to Make Chewing Tobacco, Smokeless Tobacco Composition, Tobacco and Tobacco Products, Chewing Tobacco Composition and Process for Producing, Production of Smokeless Tobacco, Khainee and Tobacco Manufacturing

 

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Blending and Bottling of Thinners and Solvent Thinners

Blending and Bottling of Thinners and Solvent Thinners

 Blending and Bottling of Thinners and Solvent Thinners.jpg

Blending and Bottling of Thinners and Solvent Thinners. Production of Paint Thinners and Solvents

A paint thinner is a solvent used to reduce thickness of oil-based paints or clean up after their use. They can also be used to remove tar buildup and other compounds.

The thinner has the ability to reduce all coatings that use conventional high VOC thinners. Normally paint thinner is used to remove oil-based paint from brushes, rollers, equipment, and surfaces. However, there are many other applications and uses for paint thinner saving you money and time.

Paint thinner is one of the most common industrial chemicals, and it’s also one of the most versatile. In addition to thinning paint products for use and for cleanup, paint thinner is excellent for other industrial cleaning applications — removing stains, grease and more from certain surfaces.

Solvent, Substance, ordinarily a liquid, in which other materials dissolve to form a solution. Polar solvents (e.g., water) favour formation of ions; nonpolar ones (e.g., hydrocarbons) do not. Solvents may be predominantly acidic, predominantly basic, amphoteric (both), or aprotic (neither). Organic compounds used as solvents include aromatic compounds and other hydrocarbons, alcohols, esters, ethers, ketones, amines, and nitrated and halogenated hydrocarbons. Their chief uses are as media for chemical syntheses, as industrial cleaners, in extractive processes, in pharmaceuticals, in inks, and in paints, varnishes, and lacquers.

 

Market Outlook

Solvent

Moderate growth is estimated for India solvents market during the forecast period 2016 to 2024. In terms of volume, sales of solvents in India reached 2,019,743.5 tons in 2016; by 2024 this number is expected to reach nearly 3,000,000 tons, expanding at 4.7% CAGR. Robust adoption of solvents across various applications such as paints & coatings, plastic & polymer, adhesives & sealants, and pharmaceutical is a prominent factor driving growth of the market.

Industrial cleaning forms a primary application area for solvents, with variety of solvents utilized for cleaning applications across various industries including manufacturing, and healthcare. Market for industrial cleaning chemicals in India is expected to witness a significant growth. In addition, soaring manufacturing sector in the country is estimated to drive growth of domestic, institutional, and industrial cleaning chemicals market, which in turn is expected to fuel demand for solvents in India. Solvent polymerization is the most commonly used technique for polymer production in the country. Rapid consumption of solvents in rubber and polymer applications is further expected to drive demand for solvents in India.

As the paint industry is a major consumer of thinners & solvents, and is expanding at a tremendous speed, it is very obvious that the demand of thinners, too, will increase tremendously.

The industry of solvents is going through sluggish growth. For being an intermediate, the demand for solvents is dependent totally on the industry of end user. That is the reason that the industry of solvents is suffering from built up capacity which is in excess. The solvents industry is highly technology intensive and so requires a lot of capital investment. The solvents industry is highly organized for it has only a limited number of companies operating within it.

Coatings and paints are widely used in construction and manufacturing industries, which have been leading to the increase in demand for solvents in the abovementioned end use industries. Some of the major applications of solvents include adhesives and sealants, paints and coatings, printing inks. Demand for organic solvents has been continuously growing in the global market on account of its growing application across various end-use industries. However, growing environmental issues coupled with volatile nature of key raw material prices is expected to remain a key challenge for industry participants. To reduce these effects, the industry has shifted its focus towards developing bio-based solvents which are environmentally friendly in nature. In the quest to achieve sustainability, leading solvent manufacturers have been collaborating with top biotechnology firms to manufacture bio-based solvents.

The industrial solvents market can be segmented on the basis of products into hydrocarbons, acids, esters, glycols, aromatics, alcohols, ketones, ethers and other products. Hydrocarbon solvent is the leading segment owing to high demand from the end users due to its organic properties. Some of the applications of industrial solvents are dissolution agent, cleaning, and degreasing, paints and coatings, printing products and cleaning and others. Among all, dissolution agents dominated the industrial solvents market with around 48% of the share of the overall market. Paints and coatings segment is likely to experience a high growth in the forecast period owing to rising demand from infrastructure and automobile industry.

Industrial solvents market has significantly changed the modern living and made solvents one of the most valuable and useful products for various end user industries and manufacturing companies. Some of the more important uses of industrial solvents are in electronic industry, pesticides, photographic reproduction and textile industries. Large quantities of industrial solvents are also involved in oil refining and recovery, dry cleaning, rubber and polymer, fuel additives and metal degreasing. Most of the solvents in industrial solvents market are primarily used as dissolution agent in various industries which accounts for about half of market share followed by cleansing, degreasing and purification. The growing demand from pharmaceutical, paints and coating industry is fueling the global demand for industrial solvent market.

On the basis of product types, industrial solvents market can be segmented intooxygenated, hydrocarbon, and halogenated. These have been further segmented into alcohols, glycols, ketones, ethers, glycol ethers and esters for oxygenated solvents, aromatic and aliphatic solvents for hydrocarbon, perchloroethylene, methylene chloride, trichloroethylene for halogenated solvents. The other possible segmentation of industrial solvents market can be done on the basis of raw materials such conventional and green, whilst green industrial solvents market is expected to show high CAGR during the forecast period.

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Email: npcs.ei@gmail.com  , info@entrepreneurindia.co

Tel: +91-11-23843955, 23845654, 23845886, 8800733955

Mobile: +91-9811043595

Website: www.entrepreneurindia.co  , www.niir.org

 

 

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Production of Ferro Molybdenum

Production of Ferro Molybdenum

 Production of Ferro Molybdenum.jpg

Production of Ferro Molybdenum. Opportunities in Ferromolybdenum, Ferroalloys Industry

Ferromolybdenum is an alloy formed by combining iron and molybdenum. It is an extremely versatile alloy used primarily in high-strength low alloys and stainless steels. It has numerous beneficial properties and can be used even in cast irons, some high-speed tool steels, and superalloy applications. Adding ferromolybdenum to a material helps to improve weldability, corrosion and wear resistance as well to increase ferrite strength.

Applications

The largest application area of ferromolybdenum is in the manufacture of ferrous alloys. Based on the range of molybdenum content, ferromolybdenum can be applied in the manufacture of machine tools and equipment, military hardware, refinery tubing, load-bearing parts and rotary drills.

Ferromolybdenum is also used in cars, trucks, locomotives and ships. Ferromolybdenum is added to stainless and heat-resisting steels that are used in synthetic fuel and chemical plants, heat exchangers, power generators, oil-refining equipment, pumps, turbine tubing, ship propellers, plastics and inside acid storage containers.

Uses of Ferro Molybdenum

The largest practical applications of Ferro Molybdenum are its use in ferrous alloys, and depending on the molybdenum content range, it is suited for machine tools and equipment, military hardware, refinery tubing, load-bearing parts and rotary drills. Ferro Molybdenum is also used in cars, trucks, locomotives and ships. In addition, Ferro Molybdenum is used in stainless and heat-resisting steels that are employed by synthetic fuel and chemical plants, heat exchangers, power generators, oil-refining equipment, pumps, turbine tubing, ship propellers, plastics and inside acid storage containers. Tool steels, with a high percentage range of Ferro Molybdenum, are used in high-speed machining parts, cold work tools, drill bits, screwdrivers, dies, chisels, heavy castings, ball and rolling mills, rolls, cylinder blocks, piston rings and large drill bits.

Ferromolybdenum can be used in any melting process to add molybdenum to all types of iron and steel, and is supplied in a range of sizes for furnace or ladle addition. The recovery should be substantially 100 % if used correctly. For optimum recoveries with ladle additions, ferromolybdenum should be added after the molten metal has covered the bottom of the ladle and before it is three quarters full.

 

Market Outlook

The demand for ferro-molybdenum is driven by stainless steel (316 stainless is the main molybdenum grade), as well as alloy steel production, and tube and pipe is a big market for ferro-molybdenum too. Molybdenum demand is heavily dependent on the worldwide steel industry, which comprises approximately 80% of molybdenum demand. Additionally, the increase in industrial activities, accompanied by the infrastructural expansion in countries, like China, India, and Indonesia, are expected to witness a growth in demand for steel, which is likely to drive the market for molybdenum during the forecast period.

Molybdenum demand could see a sharp upturn. In the meantime, stronger growth is expected to come from stainless steels and full alloy steels, both of which are consumed in a number of uses for which growth forecasts remain positive, including automotive, process and other transportation industries, as well as consumer products.

A large portion of the global Ferro Molybdenum supply is manufactured in China, USA, Russia and Chile. The most basic definition of the Ferro Molybdenum production process would be that the Molybdenum is first mined and then transformed into Molybdenum (VI) Oxide MoO3. That oxide is mixed with iron oxide and aluminium and then reduced in an aluminothermy reaction. Electron-beam melting then purifies the Ferro Molybdenum, or the product can be packaged as-is. Typically the resulting alloy will be produced as either small briquettes or as a finer powder. Ferro Molybdenum is usually supplied in either bags or steel drums for shipping.

The global molybdenum market is expected to witness a CAGR of 3.5% during the forecast period of 2018 – 2023.

Production of Ferro-Molybdenum in India

Production of Ferro-molybdenum in India
(2000-2001 to 2016-2017)
(In Tonne)
Year Production
2000-2001 1881
2001-2002 2152
2002-2003 3114
2003-2004 2949
2004-2005 2864
2005-2006 2827
2006-2007 3120
2007-2008 2899
2008-2009 2112
2009-2010 2822
2010-2011 3090
2011-2012 4362
2012-2013 1076
2013-2014 1231
2014-2015 1295
2015-2016 1459
2016-2017 (P) 1603

Ferroalloys are generally known as the alloys of iron metal in which one or more chemical additives are added into molten iron for steelmaking. Ferroalloys serves important function in the overall process of steelmaking by enhancing the general properties of iron metal. Steel making is one of the primary consumer of ferro alloys and consumes a significant part of the total ferroalloys produced around the globe.

Global Ferroalloys Market Share (%)

Global Ferroalloys Market Share.jpg

The future of the global ferroalloys market is healthy, expanding at an estimated CAGR of 5.9% during the forecast period of 2017 to 2025. The prosperity of the building and construction industry in a number of emerging economies is another key driver of the global ferroalloys market, wherein the development of lightweight and high strength steel grades is expected to open new opportunities. On the other hand, stringent governmental regulations pertaining to the environment and high operational costs are two glaring restraints over the global ferroalloys market. The market for ferroalloys, worldwide, is projected to reach a valuation of US$188.7 bn by the end of 2025, significantly up from its evaluated worth of US$112.8 bn in 2016.

Growing steel demand in end-user industries including automotive, ship building, construction, and several other sectors will likely be an important driver for the global ferroalloy market. The product finds extensive application in the manufacturing of different grades of steel such as carbon steel, stainless steel, etc. Abundancy of iron ore and growing demand of different steel grades due to lack of viable substitutes will boost the industry growth in the coming years. Global steel industry production volume was estimated at over 1.5 billion tons in 2015, and will likely cross 2.5 billion tons by the end of 2024, growing at close to 5% CAGR. Increasing automobile production will augment the demand for different grades of steel, hence boosting the ferroalloy market demand.

 

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Niir Project Consultancy Services

An ISO 9001:2015 Company

106-E, Kamla Nagar, Opp. Spark Mall,

New Delhi-110007, India.

Email: npcs.ei@gmail.com  , info@entrepreneurindia.co

Tel: +91-11-23843955, 23845654, 23845886, 8800733955

Mobile: +91-9811043595

Website: www.entrepreneurindia.co  , www.niir.org

 

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Ferro Molybdenum, Ferromolybdenum, Ferromolybdenum Production, Production of Ferromolybdenum, Process for Production of Ferromolybdenum, Ferromolybdenum Manufacturing Process, Ferroalloys Production, Ferro Molybdenum Production Process, Molybdenum Manufacture, Molybdenum and Ferromolybdenum Production, Ferro Molybdenum Manufacturing, Molybdenum Processing, How to Start Production of Ferroalloys, Process for Producing Ferromolybdenum, Ferro Molybdenum Manufacture in India, Ferro Molybdenum Uses, Project Report on Ferromolybdenum Manufacturing Industry, Detailed Project Report on Ferromolybdenum Manufacturing, Project Report on Ferromolybdenum Manufacturing, Pre-Investment Feasibility Study on Ferro Molybdenum Production, Techno-Economic feasibility study on Ferromolybdenum Manufacturing, Feasibility report on Ferromolybdenum Manufacturing, Free Project Profile on Ferro Molybdenum Production, Project profile on Ferro Molybdenum Production, Download free project profile on Ferro Molybdenum Production

 

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September 2018 Entrepreneur India Monthly Magazine

September 2018 Entrepreneur India Monthly Magazine

September 2018 Entrepreneur India Monthly Magazine.jpg

Entrepreneur India, a monthly magazine published by NPCS, is aimed at simplifying the process of choosing the suitable project for investment. It makes business decisions easier and trouble-free by providing a list of right projects for investment. Unique among project investment magazines, ‘Entrepreneur India’ is dedicated to the business of identifying sound investment projects.  Every issue consists of a new list of projects which are meticulously selected by the NPCS team after being screened on various investment factors. NPCS team, before labeling a project as ‘Right investment’, studies various aspects of investment like product demand, market potential, raw material availability, suitable location, payback period, costs involved and breakeven point.

The importance of project identification is known to less and many a times, entrepreneurs spend substantial time and resources on project planning, execution and control, while little attention is paid to project assessment and selection. Such times lead to disastrous business decisions and often a project is declared a ‘dead investment’. Most entrepreneurs, these days, have the capital but not the expertise to shortlist a suitable project to park their money. And ‘Entrepreneur India’ helps remove such hurdles for a businessman to ensure successful ventures and expansions.

Correct project identification is a herculean task for any entrepreneur who is willing to expand or venture and he is often faced with the dilemma of identifying a suitable project that has minimum risk to his capital and has high growth potential. Through this journal we aim to educate and enlighten entrepreneurs about such projects and provide them with an updated list of profitable ventures with its project profile and project cost estimation (i.e. Plant Capacity, Plant & Machinery Cost, Working Capital, Total Capital Investment, Rate of Return and Break Event Point).

Also, the magazine provides a snapshot of NPCS activities in a month. It includes brief profiles of several market research reports, project identification reports and books published by the company. The magazine has nationwide reach and a substantial readership.

We at NPCS, ensure that business ventures and expansions happen but only in the right projects and at the right cost.

 

Projects Covered in this Issue:

  • Palm Oil
  • Virgin Coconut Oil
  • Industrial Gases and Speciality Gases Mixture
  • Curcumin
  • Biodegradable Plastic Products (Bags, Plates & Glasses)
  • LPG Cylinder Refilling Plant
  • High Tensile Nuts & Bolts (for Automobile Industry)
  • Super Speciality Hospital
  • Dehydrated Onion
  • Thinners and Solvent Thinners (Blending and Bottling)
  • M S Billets
  • Ferro Molybdenum
  • Solar Power Plant
  • Solar Panel
  • Ferro Vanadium
  • Cold Storage
  • Hydrazine Hydrate
  • Red Oxide Primer from Mill Scale
  • Jute Shopping Bags
  • PVC Conduit Pipes
  • Craft Beer
  • Infrared Reflected (IR) Paint
  • Calcium Gluconate
  • Cross-Linked Sodium Carboxymethyl Cellulose
  • Hot Dip Galvanizing
  • Betel Nut (Supari) Processing
  • Paper Cups, Plates and Boxes
  • Micronutrients Fertilizer
  • Sweat Free and Antibacterial Socks
  • Tomato Puree and Fruit Concentrate with Hot Break Process
  • Spices (Masala)

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Niir Project Consultancy Services

An ISO 9001:2015 Company

106-E, Kamla Nagar, Near Spark Mall,

New Delhi-110007, India.

Email: npcs.ei@gmail.com , info@entrepreneurindia.co

Tel: +91-11-23843955, 23845654, 23845886, 8800733955

Mobile: +91-9811043595

Website :

http://www.niir.org

http://www.entrepreneurindia.co

 

Tags

Palm Oil, Virgin Coconut Oil, Industrial Gases and Speciality Gases Mixture, Curcumin, Biodegradable Plastic Products (Bags, Plates & Glasses), LPG Cylinder Refilling Plant, High Tensile Nuts & Bolts (for Automobile Industry), Super Speciality Hospital, Dehydrated Onion, Thinners and Solvent Thinners (Blending and Bottling), M S Billets, Ferro Molybdenum, Solar Power Plant, Solar Panel, Ferro Vanadium, Cold Storage, Hydrazine Hydrate, Red Oxide Primer from Mill Scale, Jute Shopping Bags, PVC Conduit Pipes, Craft Beer, Infrared Reflected (IR) Paint, Calcium Gluconate, Cross-Linked Sodium Carboxymethyl Cellulose, Hot Dip Galvanizing, Betel Nut (Supari) Processing, Paper Cups, Plates and Boxes, Micronutrients Fertilizer, Sweat Free and Antibacterial Socks, Tomato Puree and Fruit Concentrate with Hot Break Process, Spices (Masala), List of Detailed Project Reports, Techno economic feasibility report, Detailed Project Reports, Feasibility Report, Market Demand, Market Survey, Investment Opportunities, Identification of Profitable Industrial Project Opportunities, Manufacturing Process, Start your own Business, most profitable manufacturing business to start, New Business Ideas in India: Business Ideas with Low Investment, New Business Opportunity‎, Pre-Investment Feasibility Study, Profitable Manufacturing Business with Low Investment, profitable small and cottage scale industries, Profitable Small Business Manufacturing Ideas, Profitable Small Scale Business Ideas and Investment, Project consultancy, Project consultant, Project identification and selection, Project profiles, Project Report, Small Manufacturing Business-Startup Business, Small Scale Business Ideas List in India, Small Scale Business Opportunities In India, Small scale Commercial manufacturing business, Small Scale Manufacturing Business Ideas that Cost Little to Start, Start a Food Processing Unit, Project Report, Project Profile, Industrial Consultant, Market Survey cum Techno Economic feasibility study, Business Plan, Manufacturing Plant, Industry Trends, Cost and Revenue, Plant Economics, Production Schedule, Working Capital Requirement, Plant Layout, Process Flow Sheet, Cost of Project, Projected Balance Sheets, Profitability Ratios, Break Even Analysis, consulting service, Technical and Commercial Counseling for setting up new industrial projects, Best New Small Business Ideas and Opportunities to Start, best small and cottage scale industries, Business Opportunities in India (With Low Investment, Highest Rate of return), Business Startup Investors, Business Ideas and Opportunities

 

 

 

 

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E-Rickshaw (Electric tuk-tuks) Manufacturing Business

E-Rickshaw (Electric tuk-tuks) Manufacturing Business

E-Rickshaw (Electric tuk-tuks) Manufacturing Business.jpg

E-Rickshaw (Electric tuk-tuks) Manufacturing Business. How to Start Electric Vehicle Assembling Industry

E-Rickshaws are small vehicles, with three wheels and use electric power from batteries to run. They use an electric motor as engine which draws electric power from the rechargeable batteries installed in the rickshaw body. These battery operated vehicles are perfect for small distant transport, both cargo and people; they are perfect for running on narrow streets because of their small size. But the biggest reason for their popularity is low operating cost and zero air pollution. In a nutshell you can say they are bigger version of rickshaws powered by electricity.

They are like normal rickshaws but powered by electric motor instead of petrol or diesel motor. They are perfect for a pollution free, environment friendly transport system in short distances. Actually they are not capable of running long distance.

E-rickshaws are now one of the preferred mode of transport in streets because of its low maintenance cost, low fuel cost, Eco-friendly, no noise pollution, easy to drive and last but not the least livelihood, e-rickshaw is a boon to the common man. Without putting in much physical efforts and without investing much amount of money, the earning is quite good for an e-rickshaw driver and hence it is an important means of livelihood for many.

These e-rickshaws consist of 3 wheels with a differential mechanism at rear wheels. Basically these vehicles has a mild steel tubular chassis. The motor is brush-less DC motor manufactured mostly in India and China. The electrical system used in Indian version is 48VDC can run 90– 100 km/full charge, top speed 25 km/hour and this electric motor power ranging from 650-1400 Watts; the battery takes 8–10 hrs to become fully charged. Basic seating capacity is driver plus 4 passenger total 5 persons.

These vehicles are now started using in transporting light weight goods as e-loader. Hence there are lots of opportunities of income.

Below are some of the main reason why this e-rickshaw is going to get more support from people and from government in future:-

Eco-Friendly: Since this vehicle runs on electricity, it can never emit smoke. This way one can travel across the city without polluting the air. Batteries used in these vehicles can be recycled and can be disposed of without any problem.

Less Expensive: This e-rickshaw can be easily afforded by a middle class person who cannot shell out much money. No doubt, these vehicles are very economical for both passengers and drivers.

No Sound Pollution: This e-rickshaw produce less noise compared to vehicles which run on petrol and diesel. Since entire engine of this e-rickshaw runs with the electricity of the battery attached to the vehicle which results in less noise.

Maintenance: Since this vehicle has no engine, and gearbox maintenance of this vehicles comes very cheap. It’s very easy to charge the battery. All you need to do is, pay money for charging the battery.

Safety: E-rickshaw involves less risk compared to auto rickshaw which runs with fuel. They cause fewer accidents.

Fare and Cost of Vehicle: This e-rickshaw are affordable to buy, one can buy this vehicle at the price of a bike in India. One can buy this e-rickshaw at a price of 95,000 Rs. When it comes to motor rickshaw you need to spend 2 lakhs of rupees, which is too expensive.

Need of E-rickshaw:

As population increases there came to a need for the fast & eco-friendly mode of transports. Then started the evolution of electric vehicles especially E- rickshaws and electric automobiles. So many technologies were there which supported a reliable battery and the weight of the needed number of batteries elevated the price of making an electric vehicle.

Battery Rickshaw or the Electric Tricycle is the latest Eco Friendly vehicle which is most suitable for covering short distances. E Rickshaws are three wheel battery operated vehicles, which are considered as an upgrade to conventional rickshaws, and economically better than auto rickshaws and other fuel variants, these rickshaws, since are battery powered have zero emission, and is often argued to be much better than other rickshaws as they are considered almost pollution free.

E rickshaw is a three wheel battery operated vehicle, which are considered as an upgrade to conventional cycle or pedal rickshaws, vastly popular in Asian countries and some South African regions and parts of Europe. It consist of an electric battery powered drive train and required no conventional fuel.

Market Outlook

Indian electric rickshaw market is projected to reach 935.5 thousand units by 2023, the market growth is majorly driven by government incentives and environmental policies, and declining battery prices. Passenger carriers held a larger share in the Indian electric rickshaw market in 2017, accounting for more than 95% revenue. They are expected to continue holding a larger market share in the coming years as well, on account of the large passenger base in the country, coupled with the growing demand for low-cost shared mobility.

Electric rickshaws with 1,000–1,500 W motor power contributed the largest share to the market during the historical period. A large number of such rickshaws are equipped with 1,000–1,500 W motor, as it provides operational cost benefits. However, with the growing demand for quality products and the entry of big, organized players, the demand for vehicles equipped with higher-power motors is expected to increase in the Indian electric rickshaw market during the forecast period.

North India was the largest market for electric rickshaws during the historical period. The region contributed close to 70% volume share to the Indian electric rickshaw market in 2017. However, during the forecast period, the market is expected to witness the fastest growth in East India. One of the most important aspects of these e rickshaws are their contribution to the economy, as thousands of individuals become self-employed and they are earning their livings by driving these battery rickshaws on daily basis.

The demand for the rickshaws has significantly increased over the past few years owing to its low running costs that helps rake in higher profits. With people becoming conscious about the damage done by conventional fuels, the E-rickshaws are set to increase in popularity in the coming years.

The Indian electric rickshaw market is primarily dominated by a large number of small, unorganized local players, which accounted for around 85% of the sales in 2017. Some of the major players in the market are Lohia Auto Industries, Kinetic Green Energy and Power Solutions Ltd., Hero Electric Vehicles Pvt. Ltd., Terra Motors Corporation, Clean Motion India, and Saera Electric Auto Pvt. Ltd.

 

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Niir Project Consultancy Services

An ISO 9001:2015 Company

106-E, Kamla Nagar, Opp. Spark Mall,

New Delhi-110007, India.

Email: npcs.ei@gmail.com  , info@entrepreneurindia.co

Tel: +91-11-23843955, 23845654, 23845886, 8800733955

Mobile: +91-9811043595

Website: www.entrepreneurindia.co  , www.niir.org

 

Tags

E-Rickshaw Assembling, E Rickshaw Manufacture, Electric Rickshaw, E Rickshaw Manufacturing Process, E-Rickshaw Manufacturing Process Pdf, How to Manufacture E-Rickshaw, Electric Tuk Tuk Assembling, E-Rickshaws Manufacturing Plant, Electric Vehicles, e Rickshaw Business, Battery Operated Electric Rickshaw, Electric Rickshaw Manufacture, Profitable E-Rickshaw Assembling Business, Project Report on E-Rickshaw, E-Rickshaw Manufacturing,  Manufacturing Process of Rickshaws, How to Assemble E Rickshaw, How to Manufacture E Rickshaw, E Rickshaw Manufacturing Plant Cost, How to Make E Rickshaw, E-Rickshaw Manufacturing Company, E-Rickshaws in India, E Rickshaw Assembling Business, Project Report on Electric Vehicles Manufacturing, How to Start E Rickshaw Manufacturing Business, E Rickshaw Manufacturing Unit, E Rickshaw Manufacturing Business Idea, E Rickshaw Manufacture Company, Manufacture of Battery Operated E Rickshaw, Project Report on E-Rickshaw Manufacturing Industry, Detailed Project Report on E-Rickshaw Manufacturing, Project Report on E-Rickshaw Manufacturing, Pre-Investment Feasibility Study on Electric Tuk Tuk Assembling, Techno-Economic feasibility study on E-Rickshaw Manufacturing, Feasibility report on Electric Tuk Tuk Assembling, Free Project Profile on Electric Tuk Tuk Assembling, Project profile on Electric Tuk Tuk Assembling, Download free project profile on E-Rickshaw Manufacturing, How to Start Electric Vehicle Assembling Industry

 

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